The Canaanites are the indigineous people of the levant (today's Palestine, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, and Sinai). They settled in this land 4000 BC. They built all the cities we know today such as: Urusalem (Al-Quds), Yaffa, Haifa, Safad, Akka,etc.) They came from the Arab Peninsula. They were very active in farming and trade. They excel in dying where they are famous of red color. Around 1200 BC, the Philistines came from Crete and settled in the southern of Canaan. They were strong and brave fighters. They had their weapons made of Iron. They were brave fighters and excellent in metal working. They built Gaza, Askalan, and Isdod. They lived in harmony with the Canaanites since they had trade route with them for thousands of years before their arrival to Canaan. The Philistines had their kingdom called Philistia which was the bitter enemy for the old Israeli who arrived 1000 BC to Canaan. Apirus came to Canaan around 1400 BC. They are desert group came from the east. They crossed the Jordan river and started attacking civilized Canaanites towns. They were outlaws nomadic group. As the Alamarna letter shows, the king of Urusalem asked the pharoh of Egypt to help him against the Apiru. Around 1000 BC, The old Israeli came to Canaan, and attacked Jericho. After so many years, Prophet David entered Urusalem. After less than 70 years, the kingdom splits. The north one was destroyed by the Assyrian, and the south one by the Babylonians. Historians tell that the old Israelis had only political power for a short period of time and on a small land of today's Palestine where the most land was Philistia. This part of Canaan was called Palestine by the Roman. Today's Palestinians are the descendents of the Canaanites and the Philistines who had been melted with Canaanites. The Palestinians hold all cultural, social, economical, and artistic characters of the Canaanites.